Agreements concluded before 1 July 2007 remained authorized to be examined by Congress under an expedited procedure. Prior to that date, the president had concluded free trade agreements with Colombia, Korea and Panama, each awaiting congressional approval. In October 2011, Congress approved the three outstanding agreements, resulting in the approval of 11 free trade agreements under the BTPAA process. It is now widely accepted that an agreement between Congress and the executive branch is a complete alternative to a treaty: the president can seek approval of any agreement by joint decision of both houses of Congress instead of a two-thirds majority of the Senate. Like a treaty, such an agreement is the law of the land and replaces inconsistent state laws as well as inconsistent provisions in previous treaties, other international agreements, or laws of Congress.