In addition to the typical scope of bilateral air services agreements, the EU-US Air Services Agreement has created a modern legal framework to promote safe, affordable, cost-effective and competitive air transport. This strong cooperation framework enables the EU and the US to meet new challenges in the areas of security, security, environment and climate, competition policy and business. The AIR Services Agreement between the EU and the US also guarantees recognition of the EU name (equal access to all EU air carriers) and thus provides legal certainty to the transatlantic market, given the requirements of the European Court of Justice rulings on open skies. The signing of the EU-US Air Transport Agreement in 2007 was a watershed moment in the air relations between the two regions, which brought together the world`s two largest air transport markets and connects more than 800 million people on both sides of the Atlantic. In 2010, a protocol amending the original agreement (called the “second phase agreement”) was signed, which significantly improved market access and regulatory cooperation. In 2011, Norway and Iceland`s accession to the EU-US Air Services Agreement was two states fully integrated into the European internal aviation market. The United States has made open skis with more than 100 partners from all regions of the world and at all levels of economic development. In addition to the bilateral open skies agreements, the United States negotiated two multilateral open skies agreements: (1) the 2001 Multilateral Agreement on the Liberalization of International Air Transport (MALIAT) with New Zealand, Singapore, Brunei and Chile, to which Samoa, Tonga and Mongolia subsequently joined; and (2) the 2007 Air Services Agreement with the European Community and its 27 Member States. The agreement also contained a clear roadmap, which contains a non-exhaustive list of “priority interests” for negotiating a second phase agreement. The “open skies” agreements are at the heart of the European Union`s foreign aviation policy. They form the basis for the liberalisation of air transport between the EU and the rest of the world, opening up markets and promoting fair competition. The progress made since the initial roadmap in 2005 depended on both European priorities and the individual strategy of each external partner. This document examines the state of EU relations with four key partners: the United States, Russia, Morocco and Turkey.
Operational and regulatory factors prevent the opening of international air traffic. The “open skies” agreement between the EU and the United States is an agreement on air services between the European Union (EU) and the United States. The agreement allows any Airline of the European Union and any airline of the United States to fly between every point of the European Union and any point of the United States. EU and US airlines are allowed to travel to another country after their first stop (fifth freedom). Since the EU is not considered a single zone within the meaning of the agreement, this in practice means that US airlines can fly between two points in the EU as long as this flight is the continuation of a flight that started in the US (. B for example, New York – London – Berlin). EU airlines can also fly between the US and third countries that are part of the common European airspace, such as Switzerland. EU and US airlines can fly all-cargo under the 7th Freedom Rights, which means that all-cargo flights by US airlines can be operated by an EU country to any other EU country and all-cargo flights can be operated by EU airlines between the US and any other country.  Norway and Iceland joined the agreement from 2011 and their airlines enjoy the same rights as THE EU airlines.  The agreement with the European Union (EU